Reexamination of agricultural machinery import and export business under double circulation
Reexamination of agricultural machinery import and export business under double circulation
According to customs statistics, in 2020, the total import and export trade volume of China's agricultural machinery products will reach 10.398 billion US dollars, up 9.5% year on year. Among them, the export volume was US $8.747 billion, up 9.4% year on year; Imports amounted to US $1.651 billion, up 9.8% year on year. In 2020, one belt, one road agricultural machinery exported to China was 3 billion 647 million US dollars, accounting for 41.7% of the total export volume of agricultural machinery in the same period, an increase of 13.3% over the same period. In the context of global economic disputes and the impact of epidemic situation, such achievements are really commendable.
Looking back at the transformation and upgrading process of the agricultural machinery industry since 2015, "adjustment", "speed down", "quality improvement", "upgrading", "optimization" and other key words have become the bright labels of industrial development, the market operation rate has been greatly callback, and the industrial operation has entered a low ebb in 2018 and 2019, with domestic and foreign businesses falling back; In 2020, despite the sudden outbreak of the epidemic, the world economy suffered a huge impact and fell sharply, and the performance of most industries fell sharply. However, under the combined effect of multiple policy assistance, agricultural recovery, strong grain prices, technological innovation, depression climbing and other factors, China's agricultural machinery industry reversed the trend of growth, whether it is the domestic market or the product import and export market, All of them show a good growth trend.
Looking back to 2020, three distinctive features
In 2020, China's agricultural machinery import and export market has achieved remarkable results in three aspects, and the progress performance is remarkable.
First, the export of agricultural machinery shows a trend of structural optimization.
In 2020, China's export of agricultural machinery products will reach US $5.78 billion, a year-on-year increase of 15.8%; The export of spare parts reached US $2.968 billion, down 1.2% year on year. Horticulture and forage machinery are the largest export agricultural machinery products; The export of agricultural vehicles ranked second; The export of grain processing and poultry breeding machinery ranked third; At the same time, the export of traditional agricultural machinery tractors, harvesters and other main engine products showed an increasing trend. At present, from the perspective of the structure of agricultural machinery, agricultural machinery and agricultural machinery parts, agricultural machinery host and agricultural machinery parts account for more than 90%. At the same time, the competitive advantage of China's small and medium-sized agricultural machinery exports is gradually changing to large-scale products in line with the international demand. From the perspective of location, Shandong, Jiangsu, Shandong, Jiangsu, Jiangsu, Shandong, Jiangsu, Jiangsu, Shandong, Jiangsu, Jiangsu, Jiangsu, Shandong, Jiangsu, Jiangsu, Jiangsu, Jiangsu, Shandong, Jiangsu, Jiangsu, Jiangsu, Jiangsu, Shandong, Jiangsu, Jiangsu, Jiangsu, Jiangsu, Jiangsu, Jiangsu, Jiangsu, Jiangsu, Jiangsu Henan and other agricultural machinery export provinces are becoming more and more stable.
Two, the "one belt, one road" national business cooperation has shown a good development momentum.
Half of the country's one belt, one road, is the first 10 countries in 2020. The top ranked countries in the list are the US, Germany, India, Australia, Russia, Vietnam, Japan, the United Kingdom, Thailand and Indonesia. In the field of agricultural machinery import, China's imported products are concentrated in large-scale, high horsepower, large feeding capacity and other intelligent products, as well as core key components, monopoly technology and process. The quantity is small, but the value is not poor, such as TMR mixer, automatic feeding truck and other feeding machinery, milking machine, large-scale silage machinery, semi feeding harvester, baler, D-type knotter, subsoiler, plow, etc There is still a long way to go for the localization of imported agricultural machinery, parts and core technologies.
Third, China's agricultural machinery innovation process has been accelerated and achieved remarkable results.
Although there are many short board areas in China's agricultural machinery industry, the overall progress is obvious. China's agricultural machinery development is entering a new stage. According to the judgment of industry experts, at present, China's agricultural machinery science and technology innovation has entered the collaborative innovation stage from "transformation and imitation" to "independent innovation as the core", and the industrial progress is obvious. As for the import and export market of agricultural machinery, looking back more than 10 years, the export of agricultural machinery has gone through three stages: the rapid growth from 2003 to 2005, the downward decline from 2005 to 2009, and the slowdown from 2009 to 2020. Especially from 2013 to 2018, the delivery value of China's agricultural machinery export has maintained at the level of 30 billion yuan per year, the year-on-year growth rate has entered single digits, and there will be a significant change in 2019, It will continue to grow in 2020. As far as the overall performance of the products is concerned, the domestic agricultural machinery technology innovation has achieved remarkable results, the competitiveness of high-end products has been greatly improved, and the international competitive advantage has been gradually enhanced.
Looking forward to 2021, three measures are indispensable
In 2021, the epidemic situation has not been completely eliminated, economic disputes continue, and global competition variables increase. In particular, the United States implements unilateral protectionism, launches "trade war, science and technology war, and economic war" against China, and implements the so-called "decoupling" and "de Sinicization" measures, which makes our industrial chain have the risk of supply interruption. To cope with the more severe global competition, we must fully implement the national "double cycle" strategy and quickly build a new development pattern of mutual promotion of domestic and international double cycles.
As far as the agricultural machinery industry is concerned, the prospect is good. Chinese agricultural machinery enterprises should seize the opportunity and constantly innovate overseas business models. China China's one belt, one road construction company, one belt, one road, will seize the opportunity of "one belt and one road" initiative to give the farm machinery the opportunity to go out, Wu Jingfang, Deputy Secretary General of the China Engineering Machinery Import and Export Chamber of Commerce, said. On the other hand, we should make full use of the regional comprehensive economic partnership agreement (RCEP) facilitation policy to find new growth points of agricultural machinery demand in overseas markets. Chinese agricultural machinery enterprises should also make full use of cross-border e-commerce platform, establish marketing network and expand online export. "
At present and even in the future, China's agricultural machinery enterprises should make full efforts in the following three aspects in the field of import and export.
First, products win and technological innovation continues to accelerate.
No matter how unpredictable the international situation may be, the trend of global market competition will remain unchanged, and new features will surely burst out with the development of the times. Enterprises from all over the world compete on the same platform. In the end, it is still products and technology, which is the basis of competition. Objectively speaking, there are many backward links in the field of technology industry in China. According to statistics, among the 260 sub industries and 1200 sub industries of the United Nations, more than 600 are controlled by others. There are many technical barriers in the field of agricultural equipment. How can we break through these barriers? Only by self strengthening, the domestic agricultural machinery industry still needs to increase efforts in technological innovation, focus on short board complement and barrier breakthrough, continuously improve the core competitiveness of China's agricultural machinery products, realize the localization substitution of imported products, meet the domestic market demand at the same time, increase the strength of overseas market expansion, implement the global strategic layout, and seize more market share.
Second, build a new ecological development of agricultural machinery industry chain.
Compared with the United States and other developed countries, we are in a state of "zigzag lead" in some aspects. The so-called "zigzag lead" means that you are in the front and I am in the back. But in another field, we are in the front and you are in the back. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages. We are no longer completely behind others. For example, in the field of agricultural machinery, China's UAV products are leading in the world, but large animal husbandry machinery, super horsepower tractors and other products rely on imports. Therefore, to cope with the global market competition, all agricultural machinery personnel must expand their open thinking and build a broader industrial chain. On the one hand, we need to develop the supply side, industrial chain and supply chain simultaneously, Constantly enrich their own supply capacity of core resources, accelerate the cultivation of a complete domestic demand system to meet the needs of domestic users; On the other hand, we should take a global view, bring in and go out, expand overseas markets, and achieve better allocation of resources in the world. In particular, under the multiple pressures of the United States and other countries, the domestic agricultural machinery industry must rely on self-reliance and other resources to continuously promote structural adjustment, strengthen cooperation with upstream and downstream industries of different countries, improve overseas service system, strengthen localized operation, and continuously establish China's agricultural machinery brand image among overseas users, Continuously improve the international market share of China's agricultural machinery.
Third, China one belt, one road and one belt, will continue to enhance the international influence of Chinese agricultural machinery.
According to the statistics of relevant departments, since 2008, China's annual contribution to world economic growth has reached 30%, and it is predicted that under the new development pattern in the future, China's annual contribution to world economic growth will remain at 30% or more. One belt, one road, and the other countries, are developing more and more strategic alliances and economic cooperation. In fact, one belt, one road, has been pushing the cooperation of agricultural machinery import and export business to a new level so far. Many cooperation has been made in Belarus and Minsk. Zoomlion introduced the whole industry chain products to ten ASEAN countries; Qingdao Lulu mechanical pepper handle remover occupies an absolute share in the Indian market; 90% of Algerian tractors are made in Shandong; The one belt, one road strategy of Indonesia has a great impetus to the import and export business of agricultural machinery products in China. Any agricultural machinery enterprise must pay more attention to its overseas business operations.
The development and progress of agricultural machinery industry is inseparable from globalization. To fully implement the national "double cycle" strategy, agricultural machinery enterprises should make good use of domestic and international markets and resources to meet the domestic demand to the greatest extent, and actively expand overseas markets, so as to make China's agricultural machinery manufacturing famous all over the world.