Operation trend of mechanized equipment in the whole process of cotton planting in 2020
Cotton planting machinery is an important part of agricultural machinery, covering the mechanized equipment in the whole process of cotton planting, including tillage (tillage), planting and fertilization (seed), field management (Management) and harvest (harvest). In 2020, China's cotton planting machinery industry maintained a good operation trend. The cotton planting machinery represented by planter and residual film recycling machine showed a prosperous market situation of production and sales, continuing the rapid growth trend of previous years.
1、 Market analysis of planter in China
At the end of the 20th century, with the rapid development of industrialization, agricultural production put forward higher requirements for efficiency, and due to the significant reduction of rural working age population, China's crop sowing began to develop in the direction of mechanization. In recent years, China's sowing machinery industry as a whole has made great progress, and the application of all kinds of planters has developed rapidly.
In 2020, the sales volume of more than 300 enterprises in China's planter industry was 164600 units, with a year-on-year increase of 44.64%, and the market scale was about 1.975 billion yuan. In the future, with the continuous development of agricultural modernization and agricultural mechanization, China's planter industry will maintain stable growth. It is estimated that the sales volume of planters in China will reach 302000 by 2023, with a compound annual growth rate of 19.50% in the next three years.
Due to the differences of crop planting types in various regions, the application types of planters are different. Among them, the main sales areas of no tillage planters are Henan, Shandong, Heilongjiang and Jilin. The sowing machinery in Inner Mongolia and Liaoning is mainly hole planters, Anhui is mainly drill planters, and Xinjiang is mainly precision film planters.
In 2020, the market share of the sales volume of all kinds of main planters in China is about 33.0% for no till planters, 21.0% for hole planters, 14.0% for drill planters, 10.0% for precision film planters, and 22.0% for rotary tillage planters, rhizome crop planters, small seed planters and other precision planters. The more traditional drill planters Other products such as hole planters still account for a relatively high proportion.
2、 Market analysis of residual film recycling machine in China
China is the largest country with plastic film mulching on cotton fields in the world. Because the removal and recovery of old residual film has not attracted great attention, the residual amount of agricultural film in China is very high, with a residual film rate of 20% - 40%. For example, the residual rate of agricultural film in cotton planting in Xinjiang is 25%, which means that the annual residual amount of agricultural film in China is as high as more than 400000 tons. At present, the recovery of residual film in China still mainly depends on the manual picking and raking before planting. The popularity of machine picking is low, and the use of high-efficiency residual film recovery machine is rare.
As an agricultural waste utilization and treatment equipment, the residual film recycling machine is still in the early stage of industry development. It also belongs to one of the short board fields of cotton planting machinery in China.
In 2020, the sales volume of residual film recycling machines in China was about 2000 (excluding residual film recycling agricultural tools), with a year-on-year increase of 26.58%, and the market scale was about 230 million yuan. The overall market scale of residual film recycling machines in China is still small.
The recovery of residual film is the development needs of ecological environment protection, cultivated land resource protection, green and sustainable agricultural development and agricultural quality and efficiency improvement. With the support of national policies and purchase subsidies, China's residual film recycling machine industry will show a rapid development trend in the future, and the residual film recycling machine will become a standard agricultural machine for the whole process mechanization. The market of combined operation type residual film recycling machine will show a high-speed development trend, and the market space of residual film recycling machine will be broad in the future. It is estimated that the sales volume of residual film recycling machines in China will be about 4700 by 2023, with a CAGR of 34.45% in the next three years.
The residual film recycling machine of combined operation type, such as the residual film recycling and straw returning combined operation machine, cotton straw crushing and returning combined operation machine and residual film recycling combined operation machine, has the advantages of combined operation, high residual film recovery rate, good membrane impurity separation effect, stable and reliable performance of machines and tools, time-saving and labor-saving, and is an important development direction and type of residual film recycling machine in the future.
3、 Market analysis of Chinese sprayer
1. Spraying machine
The sprayer belongs to the plant protection machinery of agricultural machinery. As an indispensable part of the four operation links of "farming, planting, management and harvesting", the sprayer has been more widely used with the gradual improvement of the degree of Agricultural Mechanization in recent years.
In 2020, the total sales volume of more than 200 enterprises in China's sprayer industry was about 55600 sets (excluding plant protection UAVs), with a year-on-year increase of 0.50%, and the market scale was about 946 million yuan. As an essential plant protection machine, the spraying machine is facing a good development opportunity. The rigid market demand, coupled with the long-term continuous drive of the national agricultural machinery subsidy policy on the sprayer, will lead to the overall growth of China's sprayer Market in the future. It is expected that the sales volume of China's sprayer will reach 62000 units by 2023, with a compound annual growth rate of 4.45% in the next three years.
In 2020, the proportion of power sprayer (small sprayer) in sprayer was 40.50%, the proportion of sprayer sprayer was 39.18%, and the proportion of pneumatic sprayer was 20.32%.
Affected by the characteristics of China's agricultural planting and price impact, the power sprayer (small spray machine) is still a high proportion of the market in China's spraying machine market. With the quickening of land circulation and intensive operation, the market of future power sprayer (small sprayer) will be replaced by sprayer sprayer and wind driven sprayer.
2. Plant protection UAV
In the past two years, with the introduction of local subsidies, China's plant protection UAV market is very hot, showing explosive growth.
Source: agricultural machinery purchase subsidy system of provinces and cities across the country
In 2020, the sales volume of plant protection UAVs in China was about 50000, with a year-on-year increase of 92.31%, and the market scale was about 2.5 billion yuan. By the end of 2020, the number of plant protection UAVs in China has exceeded 100000.
In the face of the domestic market demand for plant protection of 1.8 billion mu of cultivated land, China's plant protection UAVs will still maintain a rapid development trend and return to a reasonable growth rate in the future. It is expected that by 2023, the sales scale of China's plant protection UAVs will reach 88000 units, with an average annual growth rate of 13.76% in the next three years.
4、 Market analysis of combined land preparation machine in China
The combined land preparation machine can complete stubble removal, rotary tillage, subsoiling, ridging, suppression and other operations at one time. It has the characteristics of high operation efficiency and good operation effect. It not only saves the cost of land cultivation and reduces the cost, but also reduces the soil compaction problem caused by agricultural machinery entering the land for many times, which is deeply recognized by farmers and users, In recent years, China's United land preparation machine has made rapid development.
In 2020, the sales volume of United land preparation machines in China was about 18900 units, with a year-on-year increase of 7.39%, and the market scale was about 1.134 billion yuan. As a land preparation machine with multiple functions, the combined land preparation machine is an indispensable and potential land preparation machine for agricultural land preparation in the future. In the future, the market of the combined land preparation machine will maintain a rapid growth trend. It is expected that the market sales of the combined land preparation machine in China will reach 28900 units by 2023, with a compound annual growth rate of 16.64% in the next three years.